Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS) is a rare condition that is becoming more common in frequent and long-term users of cannabis. CHS has only recently been described in peer-reviewed journals since its first report in 2004 by Australian physicians. The condition is characterized by nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, which can be severe enough to require hospitalization for dehydration. This article will discuss what causes CHS, how it is diagnosed and treated, and the risks associated with untreated or under-treated CHS.
CHS is caused by long-term use of marijuana, which can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances that cause severe stomach pain. It is more likely to occur in people who use high doses of cannabis, most often reported with THC. You are at risk of developing CHS if you are a long-term, high-dose cannabis user. This means that you have been using the plant for years and take it regularly.
The symptoms of CHS can be difficult to differentiate from other conditions. If you experience nausea, vomiting, or dehydration after using cannabis, see your healthcare provider right away. Your doctor will likely ask you about your medical history and use of cannabis before making a diagnosis.
If you have CHS and are being treated for it, the first step toward treatment is to stop using marijuana altogether – even if it’s low-THC or hemp-derived (which won’t get you high). You may also want to try taking hot showers or baths as soon as possible after waking up in the morning for several days until your symptoms subside. If these methods don’t work within 24 hours, go see a doctor right away.
The risks associated with untreated or under-treated CHS are chronic dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and malnutrition, increased risk of kidney damage, liver damage, stomach and intestinal cancer. Depression or suicide may result from chronic pain, anxiety, and/or depression associated with CHS symptoms.
If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding or have pre-existing medical conditions such as heart disease and hypertension (high blood pressure), avoid cannabis use as it may make symptoms worse. If your family has a history of CHS and/or other forms of cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS), also known as related conditions such as hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) during pregnancy – a severe form of morning sickness where women vomit constantly throughout their pregnancies – avoid using marijuana altogether.
In conclusion, Cannabis Hyperemesis Syndrome is a rare but serious condition that can lead to dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities and even death. If you experience nausea, vomiting or other symptoms after using cannabis use, see your healthcare provider right away. As with any drug or substance you’re considering using while pregnant or breastfeeding or if you have a pre-existing medical condition including heart disease and hypertension (high blood pressure), avoid cannabis use as it may make symptoms worse.